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Celebrating 25 years of the Mayors' Institute on City Design 

APRIL 27-29, 2011 


Dear Reader, 

For the Mayors' Institute on City Design's® 25th anniversary and 50th national session, some 300 mayors, design 
professionals, government officials, business leaders, and others met in Chicago, April 27-29, 2011, for the National 
Mayors Summit on City Design. Convened by the National Endowment for the Arts, American Architectural 
Foundation, and United States Conference of Mayors, this unprecedented gathering was far more than a celebration 
of past successes. Its stated purpose was to formulate a series of recommendations to contribute to the national 
dialogue on urban design ideas and policies and to help create strategies for leaders at the local and federal levels. 

To facilitate that outcome, the Summit included three forums exploring the intersection of design with transportation, 
development, and 21st century challenges. The content produced through these forums was then synthesized and 
presented to the Summit delegates and a panel of federal respondents, which included senior officials from the NEA, 
White House Domestic Policy Council, US Department of Housing and Urban Development, and US Department of 

The recommendations produced through the forums as well as the resulting discussions and responses are 
presented on the following pages, along with additional information which highlights some of the special presentations 
and events that helped to define the Summit. A full agenda for the event and biographies of the participants 
are included among the appendices to this report. To view the video testimonials, plenary sessions, and lunch 
presentations in their entirety, or to learn more about MICD, visit 


ii^ir^^f ^/^J^um^^^^ t 

Rocco Landesman 


National Endowment for the Arts 

Tom Cochran 

CEO and Executive Director 

The US Conference of Mayors 

Ronald E. Bogle 

President and CEO 

American Architectural Foundation 


The MICD Partnership 


The Summit 


Opening Plenary 


Keynote Address 


The Forums 


Design + Transportation 


Design + Development 


Design + 21st Century Challenges 


Address by Secretary Donovan 


Federal Response 


Closing Address 


The Joesph P. Riley, Jr. Award 












Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2013 

The Mayors' Institute on City Design® is a National 
Endowment for the Arts leadership initiative in 
partnership with the American Architectural 
Foundation and the United States Conference of 

The National Endowment for the Arts 

(NEA) was established by Congress 
in 1965 as an independent agency of 
the federal government. To date, the 
NEA has awarded more than $4 billion 
to support artistic excellence, creativity, 
and innovation for the benefit of 
individuals and communities. The NEA 
extends its work through partnerships 
with state arts agencies, local leaders, 
other federal agencies, and the 
philanthropic sector, 

The United States Conference 
of Mayors (USCM) is the official 
nonpartisan organization of cities 
with populations of 30,000 or more. 
The USCM promotes effective 
national urban/suburban policy, 
strengthens federal/city relationships, 
ensures that federal policy meets urban 
needs, provides mayors with leadership 
and management tools, and creates a 
forum in which mayors can share ideas 
and information, 

The American Architectural Foundation 

(AAF), established in 1943, is a 
national nonprofit organization that 
educates the public about the power 
of architecture to improve lives and 
transform communities. Through 
national design leadership programs 
including the Mayors' Institute on City 
Design®, Great Schools by Design, and 
the Sustainable Cities Design Academy, 
AAF empowers local leaders to use 
design as a catalyst for creating better 


In 1985, Mayor Joseph P. Riley Jr. of Charleston, SC, wrote 
the above words to architect and urban designer Jacquelin 
T. Robertson, then dean of the School of Architecture at 
the University of Virginia. His letter was a catalyst for action. 
Within a year, the two men had found an enthusiastic partner 
in the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) and a vital 
collaborator in NEA Director of Design Adele Chatfield-Taylor. 
On October 23, 1986, the Mayors' Institute on City Design 
(MICD) welcomed eight mayors to its inaugural session. 

MICD is a National Endowment for the Arts leadership 
initiative in partnership with the American Architectural 
Foundation and the United States Conference of Mayors. 
Over the past quarter century, more than 850 mayors have 
joined the MICD alumni ranks, and the program has remained 
true to its original model — eight mayors present eight real- 
world design problems to a resource team of eight renowned 
city design professionals (architects, urban designers, 
landscape architects, transportation planners, etc.). Together, 
they work through those problems in closed-door sessions 
over the course of two and a half days. The meetings are 
private, with no city staff members, cell phones, observers, 
or media. 

MICD inspires mayors to champion better design for their 
cities and advances the role of design as an essential 
element in city leadership. To hear mayors rank the 
experience among the most influential of their public service 
is not uncommon. MICD has inspired transformative design 
that has improved the lives of countless people across 
the nation. 

"I have often said that I am the chief urban designer of 

my city. The more sensitive the mayor is to good urban 

design, the issues of livability, scale, and diversity, the 

more willing and able the mayor will be to help develop 

a higher quality of life for the citizens of his or her 

community. If we could institute a program aimed at 

increasing the mayors' sophistication and interest in 

urban design, we could have a substantial impact on 

the quality of American cities." 

— The Honorable Joseph P. Riley Jr. 
Mayor, Charleston, SC 

MICD Founder and Charleston Mayor Joseph P. Riley Jr. describing the 
legacy of the Mayors' Institute during the Opening Plenary of the Summit. 


"Mayors understand that in an age where people 
can choose to live anywhere, there is a short list of 
things that help them decide. It turns out there are 
three things [in particular] that create attachment 
between people and communities: social offerings, 
openness, and aesthetics, three things that are the 
hallmark of the arts and good design." 

— Rocco Landsman, NEA Chairman 

National Endowment for the Arts Director of Design Jason 
Schupbach served as the moderator for the Summit and 
introduced welcoming remarks from the leadership of all 
three organizations, Rocco Landesman, Chairman of the 
National Endowment for the Arts, Tom Cochran, CEO and 
Executive Director of the US Conference of Mayors, and 
Ron Bogle, President and CEO of the American Architectural 
Foundation, as well as remarks from Chicago Mayor 
Richard M. Daley and the Summit's presenting corporate 
sponsor, Target. Bogle also took a moment to acknowledge 
four past Mayors' Institute on City Design® directors in 
attendance — Christine Saum, Carol Coletta, Aaron Koch, 
and Jess Zimbabwe — as well as current MICD Director 
Story Bellows, for their contributions to the program's 

Chairman Landesman continued, "This ideal of local design 
leadership is personified in Mayor Daley, himself an MICD 
alum, who during his comments expressed great pride in 
his city and its rich history of art, architecture, and design." 

Following the opening plenary, the Summit included a panel 
discussion focused on the transformation of Chicago under 
Mayor Daley's leadership. Moderated by John Syvertsen, 
senior principal at Cannon Design and secretary of the AAF 
Board of Regents, it featured Lee Bey, Executive Director, 
Chicago Central Area Committee; Gerald Adelmann, 
President and CEO, Openlands; and Barbara Gaines, 
Artistic Director, Chicago Shakespeare Theater. The lunch 
panel about Chicago can be viewed at 



At NEA, Chairman Rocco Landesman and Director of 
Design Jason Schupbach have identified MICD as a 
foundational asset in the agency's strategy to spark cultural 
and economic vibrancy in cities across the country. The 
program's efficacy stems in part from the capacity of 
America's mayors to help generate design with impact — a 
capacity that must be realized if a community hopes to 
thrive. Chairman Landesman referenced the recent "Soul of 
the Community" study conducted by Gallup for the John S. 
and James L. Knight Foundation: 

As the head of the local political structure, mayors are 
positioned to have an immediate and compelling impact 
on the quality of the arts and design in their communities. 
MICD facilitates that impact. 

NEA Director of Design Jason Schupbach (left) and NEA Chairman Rocco 
Landesman (right) welcome participants to the Summit during the Opening 




Los Angeles Mayor Antonio R. Villaraigosa introduces Keynote Speaker 
Thorn Mayne by describing the design culture in Los Angeles during the 
Opening Plenary. 

The car culture of Los Angeles is the stuff of legend — as 
is the congestion. Mayor Villaraigosa is working hard to 
change that. 

In his remarks at the Summit, Villaraigosa emphasized that 
investment in public transportation infrastructure is the key 
to jobs, economic growth, and the reduction of greenhouse 
gas emissions. 

"One of the opportunities that comes with building public 
transportation," he said, "is that we start to rebuild and re- 
create neighborhoods and revitalize them. And we create 
opportunities for what I call elegant density, where we're 
actually bringing people closer to their jobs. They live by 
transportation hubs, by light rail and subways. They walk, 
work, shop, all there close to those transportation hubs." 

To help make it happen, Mayor Villaraigosa pointed 
in particular to the federal government's America Fast 
Forward program. Its aim is to accelerate the funding of 
transportation projects and leverage local investment using 
tax credits and loan guarantees as opposed to direct federal 
investment. "For a city like mine," he said, "and for some 
of your cities, there's a real opportunity that comes when 
making investments in infrastructure and recreating the city." 

To illustrate the power of what can happen when public 
transit intersects with art, the mayor spoke about the 
South Los Angeles neighborhood of Watts. Watts has 
been a neighborhood troubled by poverty and gang- 
related violence for many years. It is also the home of Watts 

Towers, an iconic ensemble of sculptural concrete and 
steel towers built between 1921 and 1954 by an Italian 
immigrant, Simon Rodia. 

"I use the Watts Towers as a metaphor for LA, for diversity, 
the city of opportunity, the city of hope, the city where the 
world comes together." The towers are now next to the 
103rd Street Station on the Blue Line branch of the city's 
light rail system. This adjacency makes the once-isolated 
Watts Towers Arts Center easily accessible to visitors who 
might never have ventured there in the past. 

"What we are doing is using the light rail line and this great 
piece of art to beautify and revitalize a blighted area. Watts 
is one of my favorite neighborhoods in the city." 

Elaborating on the promise of Watts, he said, "We have 
applied for an NEA Our Town Grant to green and beautify 
and revitalize this area. It will support the design of a visitors' 
center and connecting artists' pathways. It will turn the 
historic 1 904 Watts Station into a LEED-certified exhibition 
space, celebrating the arts and the historic arts community. 
The artists' pathways will incorporate the vision of artists 
working with found and recycled materials, to not only bring 
art into the public space, but to do it in an environmentally 
sound way in the tradition of Simon Rodia." 

Mayor Villaraigosa concluded that what is happening in 
Watts is "connected to the infrastructure investments 
that we're advocating, that create jobs, and that we're all 
begging our policy makers to get behind. President Obama 
has said it's a priority. If we can get the Congress to join and 
continue to break down the cycles and the silos, there's 
a great opportunity that comes with making infrastructure 
investments, redesigning cities, greening cities, creating 
public space and open space. Designers have a vision to 
do that, and that re-creates our communities." 

The Watts Towers in Los Angeles described by Mayor Villaraigosa in his 
Opening Plenary remarks. 





Charleston Mayor Joseph P. Riley, Jr. describes the beginnings of MICD during the 
Opening Plenary. 


At its heart, MICD was created as a vehicle for education. In 
the late 1 970s, Mayor Riley had an epiphany while on an urban 
studies trip to England and Germany. As he explained at the 
Summit, he saw "the recognition of the people, the leaders, of the 
value of the public realm; the tour ensemble, the public spaces, 
the downtowns, the energy, the buildings — the admiration and 
understanding of how important that was in their daily life." He 
wanted to share that perspective with his fellow mayors. 

He has succeeded. Hundreds of cities are more vibrant, livable, 
and economically successful for their citizens, and Mayor Riley's 
resume now reads like a catalog of national design leadership 
awards. The informal title bestowed upon him by his peers 
perhaps best encapsulates his contributions to the arts and 
design: the Dean of American Mayors. 

In reflection, Mayor Riley finds great fulfillment in the 
accomplishments of MICD alumni. "I could take you around our 
country to many other cities, from Anchorage to Miami, from 
Hawaii to Maine. It is so personally thrilling for me. It's a gift — every 
mayor's meeting I go to — where you and your colleagues will come 
up to me and say, Joe, let me tell you about what my experience 
with the Mayors' Institute is and what we're doing back home." 

A collection of video testimonials to MICD's transformative power 
as well as a video created for the Summit, 25 Years of the Mayors' 
Institute on City Design, can be viewed at 

The lion's share of MICD's legacy, however, is not to be found 
in the past. It has yet to be realized. As Mayor Riley explained, 
"when we work on issues of the physical design and development 
of our city, if our job is done well, in 25, 50, or 1 00 years a city is 
positively shaped. It has been nourished by those decisions." 

TOP: An image looking east down Market Street in 
Charleston, South Carolina, prior to redevelopment. 
BOTTOM: An image of Market Street after redevelopment. 




UCLA School of the Arts and Architecture 

To conclude the opening plenary and frame the issues for the 
discussions to follow, architect and educator Thom Mayne 
delivered the keynote address. The following essay prepared 
by Mayne and his colleagues provides an overview of his 

Culture Now was initiated by Thom Mayne, a member of 
the President's Committee on the Arts and the Humanities, 
distinguished professor at UCLA, and design director of 
Morphosis, in 2010. Together with Karen Lohrmann and an 
advisory panel of professionals and public figures, he has 
led a group of 1 4 post-professional architecture and urban 
design students in an inquiry on the contemporary American 
city. This fall, Culture Now will expand to include other US 
cities and the collaborative efforts of twelve universities. 

The Culture Now Project is an immersive investigation 
of the intersection of public policy and urban design, 
contemporary culture and its spatial manifestations. The 
use of demographic, infrastructural, and cultural evidence 
immediately extends this discussion across disciplines and 
encompasses institutional and political models of the public. 

"Cities must adapt, achieving an adequate balance 

between fostering innovation and encouraging profit. 

Culture Now reconfigures a traditional (architectural) 

view of the city beyond the confines of built matter." 

— The Culture Now Project 

Over the course of a year, we have developed methods 
to identify existing systems, correlations, dependencies, 
initiatives, and interactions while examining spatial, 
communal, economic, and ecological transformations as 
instruments of change. 

We seek to instigate a crucial dialogue about the nature of 
art and culture in the American city. Art in itself functions 
to expand discourse; today, the very nature of this 
conversation is in question. It is our goal to advance this 
conversation throughout society — beyond the sphere of 
institutions — and to study the significance of the arts to this 
country and to the identity of our cities. 

For a contemporary city, the only constant is change. Cities 
must accept that whether large conglomerates or individual 
entities, private industries come and go, restructuring the 
flow of capital. Industry engages both city economy as well 
as city identity. To reactivate the complexity inherent in the 
city, we seek to define, establish, program, and implement 
the substance — both material and immaterial — that drives 
contemporary urbanism and culture. The search for new 
possibilities also means to embrace current challenges, 
changes, and potentials of the architectural profession. 

Mid-Sized America 

We have chosen mid-sized American cities outside of 
major metropolitan areas as the principal starting point 
for our initiatives. With a population of less than 400,000, 
these cities are representative of the changing US urban 
landscape. At this scale, these cities play a pivotal role: 
they are either growing into connective tissue between 
major cities or fading away into non-space. So far, we have 
developed proposals for Atlantic City, NJ; Cleveland, OH; 
Flint, Ml; Merced, CA; Mobile, AL; New Orleans, LA; Toledo, 
OH; and Tucson, AZ. 

Thom Mayne, Design Director of Morphosis, gives his Keynote Address. 



^ t :°o m r a s l summitd 

Unique Networks 

The Culture Now Project is situated at the conjunction 
of urban form, public life, and civic agency. The greatest 
potential for change exists in the overlap of these different 
forces. Cultural producers and grass roots movements 
focused on performative urban interventions have been 
brought to the forefront of urban activation. Local civic 
agents including mayors, non-profit leaders, and locally 
invested corporations use established networks to spur 
bottom-up change from the inside out. Finally, federal 
agencies such as the Department of Transportation, 
Environmental Protection Agency, General Services 
Administration, and Department of Housing and Urban 
Development institute change in American cities from a top- 
down position. 


Demand has surpassed supply. America's consume-and- 
discard mentality produces a strain on natural resources as 
human desires supersede environmental equity. The rapid 
consumption of material, both physical and ecological, 
encourages a dependency on detrimental practices, placing 
the contemporary city on life support. 

Fragmented Community 

Migrating populations and shifting demographics are end 
users of the landscapes they occupy. The physical city is 
only as strong as its populace. Civic engagement, with its 
ancillary effects, is the catalyst to repositioning culture's role 
in the contemporary American city. 


While studying American cities we have initiated an inquiry 
about the dynamics of culture, now. Cultural production 
builds on the experience of framing issues regarding society 
and location. In recent history, land art, installation(s), 
performance, and photography have all derived from 
the need to frame space and its manifestations. Film, 
music, landscape design, architecture, and public 
space, as culture-scapes or combining form, respond to 
contemporary conditions and thereby define new territories. 
The following assumptions form an operational basis for the 
project, and each of the eight cities with which we worked is 
deeply enmeshed in one or more of these issues. 

Growth and Decline 

Cities evolve. Today's center of growth may become 
tomorrow's incubator of decline. We must detach ourselves 
from the notion that a shrinking city is a dying city and 
that a growing city is a healthy city. Both trends provide 
opportunities and create platforms for urban transformation. 

New Funding Paradigm 

The effectiveness and efficiency of publicly funded projects 
needs to be reexamined. Public funds must be directed to 
produce maximum public use. This can only be achieved 
through the active collaboration of and communication 
amongst funding sources and the cultivation of an effective, 
open dialogue. 

We believe the discourse on culture must be a generalist 
one. Culture is the manifestation of human achievement. 
It is the connective tissue between the domains of federal 
agencies. While expanding the Culture Now project into a 
collaboration between twelve universities across the US, 
we will review the potential of architecture and urbanism. 
At a time when we have no resources, we are focused on 
reactivating the complexity inherent in the city: change, 
dialogue, and education. 


Culture is not a passive, decorative act projected onto the 
city but rather, an active participant in shaping urban fabric. 
The propagation of one dominant culture produces one way 
of life, one homogenous cityscape. The contemporary city 
is dynamic and constantly shifting. The culture it embraces 
and produces must respond accordingly. 

Scorched Earth 

The American landscape is exhausted. Through exploitation 
of political, social, and economic resources, the physical 
environment has been consumed and ultimately discarded 
in perpetual search of the new. Abandonment has grown to 
encompass not only buildings and plots of land, but entire 
cities. City development must focus on utility-rich, purpose- 
poor sites as the next urban frontier. Our most available 
resource is also our most valuable asset. 

The Culture Now proposed mapping of productive landscapes in Flint, 
Michigan, describes the conversion of blighted urban fabric into a city 
focused on agricultural production. Broadening the scope of Flint's culture 
to include urban gardening and food production can dramatically promote 
the latent economic opportunities in Flint. 



"Design Matters." 

— The Honorable Michael A. Nutter 
Mayor, Philadelphia, PA 

To leverage the Summit delegates' expertise, as well as 
their geographic and professional diversity, forums were 
organized to examine three critical topics: 

• Design and Transportation 

• Design and Development 

• Design and 21st Century Challenges 

Each forum started with presentations by mayors and 
design experts on the latest thinking in and best practices 
for city design. These were followed by small group 
roundtable discussions where delegates were asked to 
identify opportunities for using design to create more 
vibrant, sustainable, livable communities; obstacles to 
excellence in city design and development; and the 
resources being used or still needed to bring the work 
to scale. 

Recommendations were distilled from these small group 
discussions and are presented on the following pages. 

Minneapolis Mayor R.T. Rybak, center, discusses his ideas during a Forum roundtable discussion at the Summit with Peter Park, City of Denver, Colorado, 
Mayor Tom Bates of Berkeley, California, and Jada Wollenzien of DePaul University. 




Prior to presenting the recommendations from the forum 
small group discussions, former Miami Mayor Manny Diaz 
and Philadelphia Mayor Michael Nutter spoke on their own 
experiences in elected office. Both mayors emphasized that 
a healthy and sustainaPle future lies at the intersection of 
city planning, design, and transportation. 

Mayor Diaz stressed the importance of smart growth, 
identifying it not just as a thing we need to be talking about 
but the thing: "The single most critical response to help 
keep our country strong is to embrace smart growth, to 
design cities that make sense." In particular he stressed 
the importance of investing in transportation as "the most 
significant issue facing us today." 

Calling on the federal government to partner with local 
leaders through federal investment in transportation and 
infrastructure, Diaz asserted that "this will assure our 
continued global competitiveness, stimulate job creation, 
generate tax revenues, lower the cost of doing business, 
increase corporate revenues and American exports, and 
ease the US trade deficit." 

Mayor Diaz ended with a call for a "national infrastructure 
'Marshall Plan,'" stressing that "America's future 
prosperity, our world economic standing, and our ability 
to accommodate 120 million more people in the United 
States by the year 2050 directly depends on rebuilding our 

Mayor Nutter framed his comments around a simple but 
powerful declaration: "design matters." He reminded the 
audience of a fundamental principle of MICD, that mayors 
are the de facto chief urban designers of their cities, but 
again stressed that mayors need strong support from the 
federal government to succeed in this role. 

Mayor Nutter continued Mayor Diaz's insistence on federal 
investment in design, public transit, and infrastructure and 
repeated the need for stronger partnerships between the 
nation's metro areas and Washington. Nutter proclaimed 
that "when you unleash the power of the federal 
government, and unleash cities from regulations and red 
tape and paperwork, you will be surprised at what we can 
do, and how quickly we can do it." In particular, he voiced 
his concern that the federal government does not have a 
capital budget, saying, "We cannot deal with all of these 
infrastructure issues on a 'Let's wait until it breaks, and then 
we'll fix it' basis." 

In conclusion, Mayor Nutter advanced the recommendation 
for development of a national domestic policy comparable 
to the United States' national foreign policy. To be effective 
at the local level, he argued, it must be clear "what [federal] 
policies are guiding the fate of cities." 

Philadelphia Mayor Michael A. Nutter (far left) initiated the Design and Development Forum and was followed by a presentation from Mary Margaret Jones of 
Hargreaves Associates (to the right of Mayor Nutter). Chris Leinberger of the Brookings institution (far right) facilitated the Forum. 



&*aTo m r*s l SUMMIT 



The Design and Transportation forum was moderated 
by Manny Diaz, former Mayor of Miami, and featured 
presentations by: 

• Jeffrey Tumlin, Principal, Nelson/Nygaard 

• Gabe Klein, Former Director, District Department of 
Transportation, Washington, DC 

• Peter Park, Manager, Community Planning and 
Development, City of Denver 

Marilyn Jordan Taylor, Dean, University of Pennsylvania 
School of Design, facilitated the roundtable conversations. 

Former Mayor Manny Diaz 

Marilyn Jordan Taylor 


The Design and Development forum was moderated 
by Michael Nutter, Mayor of Philadelphia, and featured 
presentations by: 

• Mary Margaret Jones, President and Senior Principal, 
Hargreaves Associates; 

• Richard Baron, Partner, McCormack Baron Salazar 

• Mitchell Silver, Director of Planning, City of Raleigh 

Chris Leinberger, Senior Visiting Fellow, Brookings 
Institution, facilitated the roundtable conversations. 

Mayor Michael A.Nutter 

Chris Leinberger 


The Design and 21st Century Challenges forum was 
moderated by Joseph P. Riley Jr., Mayor of Charleston, and 
featured presentations by: 

• David Burney, Commissioner, Department of Design, 
Development and Construction, City of New York 

• Teddy Cruz, Architect, Estudio Teddy Cruz 

• John Tolva, Director of Citizenship and Technology, IBM 

Toni Griffin, President, Urban Design and Planning for the 
American City, Adjunct Associate Professor, Harvard GSD, 
facilitated the roundtable conversations. 

Mayor Joseph P. Riley Jr. 

Toni Griffin 





The following summaries offer an overview of the 
recommendations for local, state, and federal 
actions that were produced through the forums. 
Forum recommendations were presented by the 
forum facilitators, Marilyn Jordan Taylor, Dean, 
University of Pennsylvania School of Design, Toni 
Griffin, President, Urban Design and Planning for 
the American City and Adjunct Associate Professor, 
Harvard Graduate School of Design, and Chris 
Leinberger, Senior Visiting Fellow, Brookings 
Institution. These presentations can be viewed in 
their entirety at 

Six overarching themes were common to all forums on 
issues fundamental to design excellence in city building. 

1. Break down institutional barriers and silos. 

Local, state, and federal government entities should seek 
methods to integrate systems, processes, partnerships, 
and funding around design. Municipalities should create 
integrated departments, agencies, jurisdictions, and funding 
streams supporting place-based rather than discipline- 
based or mode-based perspectives. 

The federal government, city agencies, nonprofits, 
philanthropies, and the business community must come 
together to move complex, visionary agendas, projects, and 
programs forward. Cities should seek strategic partnerships 
with metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs), 
developers, and others whose knowledge and resources 
can help drive progress. 

Cities should also explore opportunities to collaborate with 
non-traditional partners. By working with business and 
philanthropic partners, they can provide additional resources 
that support community development and the arts. 

Washington, DC, has enacted Complete Streets strategies, which span city departments to build elements of safe streets like the bike lanes on Pennsylvania 



K°o",K summit™ 

San Francisco's Pavement-to-Parks program is a successful example of a small-scale project that has had a positive impact on the built environment. 

2. Governments need to change 20th-century 
regulations that stand in the way of innovation. 

In many cities, it is common to find that zoning regulations 
have not been updated for decades. Outdated regulations 
often make it impossible to implement progressive and 
desirable developments and in some cases actually make 
desirable changes illegal. Outdated regulations often 
do not provide enough flexibility for today's complex 
projects and are frequently burdensome or onerous for 
no obvious purpose. Such regulations stand in the way of 
comprehensive and progressive community development. 

Cities and state governments should work together 
to transform department of transportation/highway 
department regulations and metrics. These regulations are 
often still based on 19th- and 20th-century infrastructure 
standards. For example, by engaging city leaders with 
state highway departments, a greater understanding of the 
city's transportation project goals can be achieved, and 
advances in effective collaboration can be established. 

3. Support and reward innovation. 

Using pilot programs to test innovative ideas is a strategy 
that can be effectively used by cities. First identify what 
works. Then commit capital to take it to scale. Cities 
can creatively use contemporary technology to improve 
car-pooling, car sharing, and transportation-demand 
management. Cities, developers, and the federal 
government must also work with the financial sector to 
establish innovative funding and financing mechanisms 
and regulations. 

4. Support small projects. 

In this time of austerity, funds are in short supply, however, 
spending a lot of money is not always necessary to have a 
large and positive impact. Leveraging small projects within 
cities which are all part of a comprehensive vision can 
create results which are greater than the individual parts. 
Grassroots efforts and the implementation of small-scale 
projects can create authentic development and change the 
image of a place, which can lead to broader investment by 
traditional development partners. 

5. Direct funds to the cities, not to the states. 

The mayors stated their desire that the federal government 
provide assistance directly to cities. The federal government 
should offer credit enhancement and loan guarantees while 
collaborating with local agencies on grants for cities. This 
approach would help local jurisdictions and the private 
sector pay for much of a comprehensive infrastructure plan 
and give the cities/metro regions the freedom to use the 
funding to meet their needs. 

6. Incorporate urban design within the structures 
of government. 

A chief urban designer or an office of urban design would 
integrate design thinking, planning, architecture, and 
strategy and empower the given jurisdiction to integrate 
new perspectives into the city planning process. This 
change could happen at the local, regional, state, or federal 





1. Cities and the federal government must work 
together to create a new vision for transportation 
and infrastructure in our country as well as a plan 
to support it. 

This plan would be backed by a federal capital budget 
underwritten by major investment. The budget would 
represent a major opportunity to find alternatives to 
automobile-centered transportation; to repair, and in 
some cases eliminate, aging structures; and to aid in the 
revitalization of urban areas in response to 
changing demographics. 

A plan of this type must include measurable milestones and 
clear standards on the path to building America's 21st- 
century transportation and infrastructure. It should also 
designate funds to keep infrastructure in good repair as a 
part of a balanced transportation plan. 

2. Generate revenue through local transportation 
services and charges. 

Cities and the federal government can create innovative 
partnerships through an array of financing tools for building 
infrastructure — as long as the risk that goes along with that 
financing is appropriately assigned. 

3. Level with the American people about the true 
cost of transportation. 

Citizens in cities can make real choices based on data 
and not just habit. Research organizations, cities, and the 
federal government need to provide better information so 
that people can make informed choices. 

4. Shift thinking on transportation from singular 
mode-based to multi-modal and balanced. 

The answer is neither the car, bus, bike, nor tram. No 
silver bullet exists to solve all transportation problems. 
Instead, we should consider which methods of travel are 
appropriate for a given trip. We need to balance impacts in 
terms of the environment, economy, and general well-being 
of the community. 

Construction of the new Central Corridor light rail transit line in St. Paul, Minnesota, is made possible by a mix of resources including federal funding. 




Philadelphia's Navy Yard demonstrates how industrial land can be remediated and used for new purposes including office, housing, and open space. 


1. Take advantage of the existing building stock. 

Cities should offer grants and incentives to repair existing 
buildings and raise their efficiency. They should also take 
particular care to preserve significant buildings that are 
not yet old enough to be protected by historic preservation 

2. Cities should work with land owners to make 
valuable, underutilized sites available. 

Often these sites are owned by port authorities, railroads, 
or other entities, which blocks development. Localities need 
help in acquiring this property. 

3. The federal government should assist local 
jurisdictions in cleaning up brownfields. 

The cities cannot afford to do it alone, especially given 
that the courts have limited corporate liability, which in turn 
makes it difficult to recover cleanup costs. 

4. Cities should implement policies that 
encourage developers to provide necessities 
where growth is desired. 

These necessities include schools, market-rate and 
affordable housing, and retail space for such things as 
grocery stores. 

5. Cities should prepare for the market shift 
toward urban development. 

The development momentum is moving from suburban 
development to urban development. This transition is being 
driven by demographics: the rise of the Millennial, the 
single-person household, and changes in the 
traditional family. 



^aTo n r a s l SUMMIToesi 


The examination of 21st century challenges in city design 
concentrated on five of the most compelling themes in 
the national dialogue on city design: smart cities, vacant 
land, aging infrastructure, civic engagement, and the public 
realm. While the conversation, like those in the other two 
forums, touched on some technical solutions, the focus 
was on process and procedure. 

1. Cities need to revisit models of evaluating 

Cities should determine if they are relying on older 
models of evaluation that fail to take into consideration 
contemporary circumstances. Comprehensive models of 
evaluation should be used in order to address the multiple 
impacts of decisions related to the built environment. These 
models should address areas like transportation, public 
safety, public health, and economic development. 

2. Enhance and leverage technological structures 
to allow for development of greater knowledge 
networks and sharing of best practices. 

Cities, organizations, and practitioners should take 
advantage of the ability to export and import data, 

stories, project information, and best practices. Online 
document sharing, webinars, and web-based social media 
networks allows for greater access to information at low- 
and no cost. 

3. Remember that there are operational elements 
in design — enforcement, maintenance, etc. 

Capital funds are difficult to come by, but those funds 
required for operations tend to be even more challenging 
to secure. Design and funding decisions need to be 
integrated, taking into consideration both upfront costs 
as well as those required for ongoing support of a space, 
place, project, etc. 

4. Create new models of civic engagement. 

The foundation of a new public realm depends on the 
public's commitment and political will. Cities need to 
generate greater design awareness among their residents 
by fostering civic bonds, stewardship, and pride. Engaging 
citizens in meaningful dialogue not only results in better 
design outcomes for the community; it also builds support 
for and ownership of projects, which is particularly critical in 
large, complex projects that may take years to complete. 

Maintenance needs within the public realm are often forgotten but sometimes require special care, as shown near Charleston, South Carolina's, aquarium 
where the edges of each sidewalk flagstone are worked by hand. 



Before the Federal Response Panel commented on the 
forum recommendations, Secretary for the US Department 
of Housing and Urban Development Shaun Donovan 
addressed Summit Delegates. 

He began his remarks by speaking expansively on the many 
ways that Chicago, under the leadership of Mayor Daley, 
has set the standard for urban design and neighborhood 

"With his public housing Plan for Transformation, Mayor 
Daley brought a very different frame of design to Chicago 
neighborhoods — replacing isolated blocks of high-rise 
towers with a mix of housing built along the historic grid of 
city streets, giving families long trapped in concentrated 
poverty a path to real housing choice in neighborhoods 
around the city. That new frame helped the neighborhoods 
surrounding that housing attract the retail and commercial 
businesses they need to thrive and create jobs." 

In further elaborating the reasons Chicago has been 
transformed, "from a symbol of the Rust Belt into a symbol 
of the 21st-century global economy," Secretary Donovan 
noted that cultural changes such as the creation of 
Millennium Park have bolstered its ability to attract talent. 
"Capital and jobs follow people, and talent is mobile. And 
what that talent is looking for is quality of place — dynamic, 
diverse neighborhoods." 

Secretary Donovan also said that progress in all cities, 
particularly in transforming low-income neighborhoods, has 
been held up by outdated federal regulations. "Right now, 
we estimate there is $25 billion of public and private capital 
sitting on the sidelines, waiting to be invested in America's 
affordable housing that could unleash this transformation on 
a much broader scale." 

"Here's the problem: we can't access that capital," he 
explained. "Antiquated rules developed nearly a half century 
ago prevent anyone but the federal government from 
financing improvements to public housing." 

However, Secretary Donovan pointed out that the Partnership 
for Sustainable Communities grants, funded jointly by HUD, 
DOT, and the EPA are an indication that federal agencies may 
be beginning a transformation of their own. "Last fall, HUD 
and the Department of Transportation awarded nearly $170 

million in planning grants to ensure regions and communities 
across the country have more housing and transportation 
choices, more energy independence, and more economic 

He continued, "I'm proud to say that for the first time, 
our Regional Planning Grant program explicitly contained 
language encouraging the arts community to participate in 
the grant application process." He sees this inclusion as a 
clear indication of a growing awareness that the arts can 
transform communities. 

"As your partner," Donovan concluded, "my job is clear: to 
help you turn possibility into reality — so that every mayor 
can design the stronger, more resilient, more dynamic future 
for your cities that America needs to compete in the 21 st 
century and win the future." 

HUD Secretary Shaun Donovan addressed the Summit participants and 
described the successes of Chicago along with existing funding opportuni- 
ties at the federal level for local governments. 



"As I continue to look at what we are doing here, 
I hear recommendations about tools that will help 
enhance that journey we have started to the future. 
And one of those tools is a strong partnership with the 
federal government. We need to look at each city as a 
unique creation and [recognize] that one size does not 
fit all." 

— Mayor Elizabeth Kautz of Burnsville, MN, 
USCM President 

Representatives from four federal agencies took part in a 
panel discussion in which they focused their response on 
the forum recommendations. These representatives were: 

• Derek Douglas 

Special Assistant to the President 

The White House Domestic Policy Council 

• Roy Kienitz 
Undersecretary for Policy 

The US Department of Transportation 

• Salin Geevarghese 
Senior Advisor 

The Office of Sustainable Housing and 


The US Department of Housing and Urban 


• Rocco Landesman 

The National Endowment for the Arts 

Carol Coletta, former MICD director and president of 
ArtPlace, a new national initiative to accelerate creative 
placemaking across the country, moderated the discussion. 

The Closing Plenary featured a response to the Summit recommendations gathered in the forums. Pictured here from left to right, background: Mayor 
Elizabeth B. Kautz, Toni Griffin, Mayor Joseph P. Riley Jr., Chris Leinberger, Mayor Michael A. Nutter, Marilyn Jordan Taylor, Former Mayor Manny Diaz, and 
Carol Coletta. Pictured here from left to right, foreground: Derek Douglas, Salin Geevarghese, Roy Kienitz, and Rocco Landesman. 



m*ayo n rsSUMMI1 


All the panelists agreed that at a moment when the trend in 
Washington is to cut spending, officials at both the federal 
and local levels need to convince people that innovative 
design projects are worthwhile. In order to do so, they 
must emphasize aspects of job creation and economic 
development when making their case. 

Douglas stated that "at the federal level the things that are 
well-funded have constituency behind them. Sustainable 
cities touch so many people's lives in so many meaningful 
ways. When we talk about our sustainable communities 
work, that is just an abstract concept. We have to build that 
more into our messaging, and we need stories from you all." 

Geervarghese agreed: "It is hard for people to envision what 
we are talking about. When we're out as a member of the 
Office of Sustainable Housing and Communities and having 
conversations, particularly in neighborhoods of distress, 
there is a necessity to say, 'this is what it looks like and this 
is what it means for you.'" 

To drive home this point, Chairman Landesman drew on 
his past professional experience: "Here I am taking off 
my federal bureaucrat hat and putting on my Broadway 
producer hat. One thing every mayor and locality can do is 
to put all hands on deck to make these projects work, to 
showcase successes. Otherwise, "it's a challenge to make 
people understand the vision, scope, and value of 
these programs." 

If we do not find better ways of connecting it 

[innovative design] to the individuals, to make it 

something real for people, we are not going to get the 

momentum behind it that we can and should." 

— Derek Douglas, Special Assistant to the President, 
White House Domestic Policy Council 

2w ^^1 

7 ^^ ^O^^^H 


\^^^^^ ^^r -^^^^^^^H 



Derek Douglas of the White House Domestic Policy Council responds to 
comments made by Summit delegates. 





Geevarghese acknowledged that decisions on the federal 
level have been fragmented and sometimes conflicting, 
saying, "One thing that I think all of us, as a part of the 
federal government would attest to, is that we are not great 
at flexibility. We are not great at being nimble. We work 
better when one size fits all. We don't work well when there 
is a lot of variation." 

That does not mean the federal government is not 
interested in changing this status quo. Douglas noted 
that the White House Domestic Policy Council is trying 
to address the problem: "The Partnership for Sustainable 
Communities is one example of the way we are addressing 
this. We have an interagency working group around 
neighborhood revitalization — Choice Neighborhoods, 
Promise Neighborhoods — where those agencies are 
coordinating. When we are thinking about designing policy, 
we think about how issues connect but also in terms of 
process, by setting up the interagency working groups and 
the work stream so that the agencies are actually at the 
table coordinating." 

From the Department of Transportation's perspective, Under 
Secretary Kienitz added, "I will say that allocating $50 million 
in planning grants on a multi-agency basis is way more 
work than allocating $500 million dollars in capital grants, 
with just one agency. That's a burden that we are willing to 
carry because it's important." 

He continued, "The original theory of the reforms, that go 
back 20 years, was get the right people around the table 
when you're picking things off the list of funding to make 
sure that it gets done fairly. What we have learned since 
then is that if all there is on the list is the same-old-same- 
old, it doesn't matter who is at the table." 

Continued dialogue is needed "to help us really 

think through what is the pattern going to look like 

in a particular place? What does it mean to not 

consider places all the same and to really treat them 

individually and differently..." 

— Salin Geeverghese, Senior Advisor, HUD's Office of 
Sustainable Housing and Communities 

Salin Geevarghese, a senior advisor at HUD's Office of Sustainable 
Housing and Communities, comments on the need for greater flexibility in 
federal solutions. 



mayor's SUM Mil 


"Our tools to carry forth that vision are pretty limited. 

We have been involved in lengthy discussions 

about how to do a better job of having operating 

instructions for the DOT that will allow us to carry 

out that vision with much greater freedom, and we 

have high hopes there, but it is difficult in Washington 

because decision-making is so diluted." 

— Roy Kienitz, Under Secretary for Policy, 
US Department of Transportation 

Transportation projects also emerged as a central topic 
in the recommendations from all three forums. Chairman 
Landesman set the stage for the federal response by 
saying, "The Department of Transportation is not just about 
engineering and road building — it's about quality of life and 
sustainability. For example, a grant was recently made in 
my hometown for a light rail connection between the arts 
quarter, the art museum, and the zoo. That's not just a 
public transportation program — that's an arts project as 
well. It touches people in the community in many ways, 
besides just 'here's transportation from here to there.' And 
we at the federal level and the mayors at the local level have 
to do a better job of highlighting that kind of cooperation 
and the results." 

Under Secretary Kienitz offered key insight, particularly 
about making transportation systems more multi-modal 
and responded on the nagging issues of maintenance and 
the length of time required to complete projects, noting that 
"keeping things in a state of good repair" is "obviously a 
priority for us from a policy basis. It has become a bit of a 
default in a federal program that is so underfunded that you 
really can't do anything big anymore, be it a big good thing 
or a big bad thing." 

As for timelines, he asked, "Why does it take 13 years to 
build a transit project?" His answer: "The biggest reason 
is that alternative analysis and engineering and ridership 
projections are so burdensomely difficult. We have a 
regulatory process going on to find ways to simplify it, 
where we have asked for input from everybody in the world 
who has to deal with this process about ways to simplify it." 

"The government has to make decisions for highly 
competitive dollars based on who has got the best project," 
he continued. "You have to actually analyze the projects 
to know who has got the best one. So I'm not sure how 
much of that will change structurally. A big part of solving 

that problem will be to get substantially more capital dollars 
going into that program, so the end of the line is only three 
or four years away. If you don't get your engineering design 
and approval done by then, someone is going to skip ahead 
of you in line." 

Roy Kienitz, Under Secretary for Policy at the US Department of Transpor- 
tation, described policy improvements within DOT. 





"One of the things I think that the federal government 

and all of us can do a better job of is to build into 

our narrative the importance of city design, and the 

critical role it plays in advancing all of the priorities for 

the future, and all the things that our President and 

senior leadership talk about." 

— Derek Douglas, Special Assistant to the President, 
White House Domestic Policy Council 

While a repeated call for comprehensive projects requiring 
major investments came out of the forums, so too did a 
reminder not to overlook the importance of small projects. 

Derek Douglas addressed this issue head on, cautioning 
Summit delegates who were calling for an infrastructure 
Marshall Plan that it was not likely to happen anytime soon. 
"The conversation in Washington right now doesn't lend 
itself to these large types of Marshall Plans. Everything is 
going in the other direction. It's about fiscal distress and 
cutting, cutting, cutting." 

However, he continued, "There have been several sources 
of funds to help communities plan for the future. There 
have been TIGER (Transportation Investment Generating 
Economic Recovery) Grants, administered by the US 
Department of Transportation, HUD Sustainable Community 
Regional Planning Grants, EPA Brownfields Area-Wide 
Planning Grants, HUD Community Challenge Grants, and 
EPA Smart Growth Technical Assistance Projects. But if 
you look at the conversations that we had for the FY 201 1 
budget, which were very intense, certain things were saved. 
TIGER, which was on the fence, was saved." 

"It was because the agencies were able to showcase the 
impact that these programs had and the value that they 
would bring to the communities around the country. We 
have to do that on a much broader scale, because one 
of the barriers is making sure that everything that we are 
talking about here and everything that we are trying to 
push within the administration works with Congress. We 
can get Congress pushing in the same direction with us. It 
sometimes happens." 

Under Secretary Kienitz added, "You can actually make a 
big difference with small projects, and I have good news for 
you there. TIGER Grants are small since small projects are 

all we can afford. Even when we have a fairly large amount 
of money in a world of new discretionary dollars, the grants 
are $20 or $30 million each." 

"You're not going to change the world with $20 or $30 
million. For those of you who have a billion dollar transit 
project that you want to do — you know, that's not a very 
helpful message to hear. But if you ask, 'What can I do that 
is maximally impactful with 20 million dollars?' there are a lot 
of great answers to that question." 

Derek Douglas concluded for the panelists by emphasizing 
the responsibility of the federal government, "You mayors 
are on the ground and in your communities and you can 
energize. But I don't want to shirk our responsibilities. We 
can also energize, and our President is pretty good at 
energizing people, too. If we talk about the vision, articulate 
what these things can do to change communities, that 
will help to energize the public to say, 'We need to see 
Washington delivering more.'" 

Mayors, like Bill Finch from Bridgeport, Connecticut, are taking advantage 
of DOT TIGER II grants to reimagine parts of their cities. The draft site plan 
above outlines transit oriented development around a proposed multi- 
modal station in Bridgeport, where implementation will be partially aided by 
a TIGER II grant. 



m*ayo h rsSUMMI1 


"The playbook of the NEA is your playbook. It's 

written by you, the mayors, who are engaged every 

day, all the time, in bringing your cities back, and 

revitalizing them." 

— Rocco Landesman, Chairman, 
National Endowment for the Arts 

NEA Chairman Rocco Landesman gave the Summit's 
closing address, beginning with some additional comments 
on Mayor Daley's legacy. 

"Mayor Daley has always understood instinctively that there 
is a profound connection between art and place. Each 
strengthens the other, and both are made stronger when 
wrapped in the framework of good design." 

Chairman Landesman then asked, "How does each of 
us in this room take Mayor Daley's legacy back to our 
communities and have it inform our own work?" His answer: 
"I think, fundamentally, Mayor Daley's prime directive is one 
of creative placemaking." 

Chairman Landesman continued, focusing on the powerful 
relationship between the arts and place as embodied in the 
spirit of MICD. 

"I will simply say very briefly, the playbook of the NEA has 
been written by you. There was a time when I did not know 
of Mayor Riley and all his work at MICD. My company 
owned the Royal George Theatre here in Chicago, and 
what I saw was the rehabilitation of run-down, broken- 
down, collapsing theaters and a tremendous amount of 
withering criticism, because a lot of money was being spent 
on them. These theaters were rehabbed, the downtown 
was revitalized, a theater district was created, and a 
cultural locus was created in the city. What's obvious is that 
Chicago is a different place than any other city in America. 
And for me, personally, as a theater guy, it started with the 
rehab of those theaters." 

"We feel — I feel — that the arts have a strong, fundamental, 
central role to play in that rehabilitation. When you bring art 
and artists into neighborhoods, into the center of town, it 
changes those places profoundly, and it's a major force for 

"And my message across the federal government, 
everywhere I've gone, is that the arts can be a fulcrum 
for collaboration and partnership across the federal 
government, across the state and city governments, and 
also including the private sector, where we can enlist 
significant funds. My job is to scale up the resources and 
the funds that can be used to help revitalize places all 
across America through the arts. Mayor Daley has been — as 
Mayor Riley has been — the inspiration for this, and all I can 
say right now is thank all of you. Thanks to all of you who 
are here, and especially thanks to you guys who wrote the 
playbook that we're going to be using at the NEA for many 
years. You have set the tone, have set the standard." 

"I just hope I can execute some of the things that you've 
already done. We are profoundly in your debt. Thank you. 
Thanks to you all for being here." 

For a copy of Chairman Landesman's prepared remarks, in 
addition to all other presentations, panels, and speeches, 
please visit 

NEA Chairman Rocco Landesman closes the Summit with remarks on the 
arts as a means for collaboration in our cities. 






A joint recognition by the American Architectural 
Foundation in association with the United States 

Conference of Mayors 

In 201 0, the American Architectural Foundation and US 
Conference of Mayors created the Joseph P. Riley Jr. Award 
for Leadership in Urban Design to honor a mayor whose 
commitment to excellence in urban design reflects the 
outstanding example set by the award's namesake. At the 
Summit, Chicago Mayor Richard M. Daley, was honored as 
the inaugural recipient of the award. 

Since his election in 1989, Mayor Daley has demonstrated 
an uncompromising commitment to excellence in urban 
design and sustainability. In addition to bringing his 
design leadership to such iconic projects as the 24.5-acre 
Millennium Park, Mayor Daley is recognized as one of the 
first mayors to make sustainability a universal priority. Under 
his leadership, Chicago has built more US Green Building 
Council LEED-certified structures than any other city in the 
United States, with more than 1 60 to date. Chicago has 
also built or upgraded over 215,000 units of affordable 
housing during his tenure and invested more than $5 billion 
in capital improvements, which includes 46 new schools. 
Through his efforts, Mayor Daley has demonstrated how an 
innovative, artistic vision coupled with the power of design 
can transform a city and the lives of its residents. 

"I couldn't be prouder to be part of celebrating what you've 
done here and your leadership in your community," AAF 
president and CEO Ron Bogle said, addressing Mayor 
Daley. "We can use what you've done here and what 
other mayors are doing as an example to learn from, to be 
inspired by, for others to see that they can do these things 
in their community." 

When AAF and USCM selected Mayor Daley to receive the 
inaugural Riley Award, the decision was an easy one. At the 
time, Tom Cochran, CEO and executive director of USCM, 

"Government and public service is about passion 

and your willingness to listen to people and to the 

architects and to the engineers, to the artist and the 

average person who have great passion and ideas 

for your cities." 

— The Honorable Richard M. Daley 
Mayor, Chicago, IL 

reflected on Mayor Daley's contributions: "Throughout his 
more than two decades of service to the people of Chicago, 
Mayor Daley has proven time and again that mayors have 
a critical role to play in the design of their cities. In Chicago, 
across the nation, and around the world, his design legacy 
will continue to enrich the lives of generations to come." 

At the Summit, Mayor Riley said of Mayor Daley, "In any 
conversation with Richard Daley you quickly know one 
thing: he knows his people. When he said, 'City of Chicago,' 
if you looked in his eyes, he was seeing his people, almost 
as if he knew every one of them." 

"He took the role of Mayor as chief urban designer to a new 
level in our country, if not the world. When truly great people 
retire from their profession, their achievements don't fade. 
They become bigger." 

Chicago Mayor Richard M. Daley receives the Joseph P. Riley Jr. Award 
from the American Architectural Foundation and the United States 
Conference of Mayors at the closing of the Summit. Pictured from left 
to right: Tom Cochran, Mayor Joseph P. Riley Jr., Rocco Landesman, 
Mayor Richard M. Daley, Ron Bogle, Mayor Elizabeth B. Kautz, AAF Board 
Chairman G. Sandy Diehl III, and Mayor Michael A. Nutter. 

"The story of Richard M. Daley making this city so 
successful will inspire mayors in small and large cities, 
near and far away. Mayor Daley's achievements will make 
wonderful cities for generations." 

Under Daley's leadership, a public-private partnership 
helped revitalize the Chicago Theater District. Rocco 
Landesman commented on this during his opening address 
at the Summit: "A powerful mayor, plus a major theatre 
renovation, equals urban renewal. I'm talking about only 
one thing— Mayor Daley's work in the downtown Chicaqo 
Theatre District." 

"Mayor Daley was the first person I know who understood 
the concept of creative placemaking. He saw that the 
arts could be used to help shape the social, physical, and 

the arts as part of a strategy to make Chicago one of the 
most vibrant, most livable cities anywhere. He understood 
that design is the one art form that affects us all." 

In his acceptance speech, a humble Mayor Daley said, "I 
want to thank all of the mayors, past and present, who have 
made a difference out there, and those who are here at this 
wonderful design summit. I thank them for all their passion 
about their great cities and willingness to think outside the 
box, [and] at the same time to listen to architects and artists 
coming forward with great ideas and ambitious plans for 
their cities." 

"Government and public service is about passion," he 
continued, "and your willingness to listen to people and to 
the architects and to the engineers, to the artist and the 
average person who have great passion and ideas for 
your cities." 

"People want to rebuild their cities. They love their families, 
they love their places of worship, and they say 'my block ' 
can be different.'" 

"When I became mayor I said, 'If you walk out every day 
and see the same things, you realize nothing has changed.' 

That's why I planted a tree, I put up a fountain, I put up a 
piece of artwork. I did things that people said, 'It can't be 
done in this community. They'll destroy it.'" 

"But, not one thing was destroyed, because people realized 
we cared about them and were saying, Things will get better.'" 

"To me that's what a city is all about. That feeling you have 
to have that you don't just dream about something, but you 
do it. When cities reach out to the world, you have a great 
future. When you don't want to reach out to the world then 
you live in the past." 






Chicago Mayor Richard M. Daley was honored with the Joseph P. Riley 
Jr. Award for Leadership in Urban Design. The award was given by Ron 
Bogle, president and CEO of the American Architectural Foundation (top) 
and Tom Cochran, CEO and executive director of the United States Con- 
ference of Mayors (bottom). 



3:00-6:00 p.m. 

REGISTRATION, Hilton Chicago 

6:00-7:30 p.m. 



7:00 a.m. 

REGISTRATION, Normandie Lounge 

9:00- 10:45 a.m 

OPENING PLENARY, Grand Ballroom 


Jason Schupbach, Director of Design, NEA, Summit Moderator 


Richard M. Daley, Mayor, City of Chicago, Past President, USCM 


• Rocco landesman, Chairman, NEA 

• Elizabeth Kautz, Mayor, City of Burnsville, MN, President, USCM 

• Ron Bogle, President and CEO, AAF 


Vanessa Matiski, Director of Architecture, Target 


Joseph P. Riley Jr., Mayor, City of Charleston, SC, Past President, 
USCM, Founder, Mayors' Institute on City Design 


25 Years of the Mayors' Institute on City Design 


Antonio Villaraigosa, Mayor, City of Los Angeles, Vice President, USCM 


Thorn Mayne, Design Director, Morphosis, UCLA Architecture and Urban 
Design Distinguished Professor 

11:00 a.m. 

PRESS CONFERENCE, Normandie Lounge 

12:00 -1:30 p.m. 

LUNCH, Grand Ballroom 


• John Syvertsen, Senior Principal, Cannon Design, Regent, AAF, 

• Lee Bey, Executive Director, Chicago Central Area Committee 

• Gerald Adelmann, President and CEO, Openlands 

■ Barbara Gaines, Artistic Director, Chicago Shakespeare Theater 

THURSDAY, APRIL 28 Continued 

2:00-4:15 p.m. 



Topics will include parking, alternative transportation, new trends 
in transportation data, intercity rail, and comprehensive bike and 
rail planning. 


• Manny Diaz, Former Mayor, City of Miami, Past President, 
USCM, Moderator 

• Gabe Klein, Former Director, District Department of Transportation, 
Washington, DC 

• Jeffrey Tumlin, Principal, Nelson\Nygaard 

• Peter Park. Manager, Community Planning and Development, 
City of Denver 

Roundtable Discussions 

■ Marilyn Jordan Taylor, Dean, University of Pennsylvania School of 
Design, Facilitator 


Topics will include affordable housing, neighborhood development, 
historic preservation, adaptive reuse of aging infrastructure, creative 
placemaking, and leveraging open space to drive development. 


• Michael A. Nutter, Mayor, City of Philadelphia, 
Second Vice President, USCM, Moderator 

• Mary Margaret Jones, President and Senior Principal, 
Hargreaves Associates 

■ Richard Baron, Partner, McCormack Baron Salazar 

• Mitchell Silver, Director of Planning, City of Raleigh 

Roundtable Discussions 

• Chris Leinberger, Visiting Fellow, Brookings Institution, Facilitator 


Topics will include active design for public health, smart cities, climate 
adaptation, and changing demographics. 


• Joseph P. Riley Jr., Mayor, City of Charleston, SC, 
Past President, USCM, Moderator 

• Teddy Cruz, Architect, Estudio Teddy Cruz 

■ John Tolva, Director of Citizenship and Technology, IBM 

• David Burney, Commissioner, NYC Department of Design 
and Construction 

Roundtable Discussions 

• Toni Griffin, President, Urban Design and Planning for the American 
City, Adjunct Associate Professor, Harvard GSD, Facilitator 

7:00 -8:30 p.m. 


Buses will depart the hotel beginning at 6:45 and will be available for return. 


AGENDA ^To^summit 


9:00- 11:30 a.m 

CLOSING PLENARY, Grand Ballroom 


• Manny Diaz, Former Mayor, City of Miami, Past President, USCM 

• Marilyn Jordan Taylor, Dean, University of Pennsylvania School of Design 

• Michael A. Nutter, Mayor, City of Philadelphia, 
Second Vice President, USCM 

• Toni Griffin, President, Urban Design and Planning for the 
American City, Adjunct Associate Professor, Harvard GSD 

• Joseph P. Riley Jr., Mayor, City of Charleston, SC, Past President, USCM 

• Chris Leinberger, Visiting Fellow, Brookings Institution 


Shaun Donovan, Secretary, US Department of Housing and Urban 


• Carol Colette, Director, ArtPlace, Former Director, MICD, 

■ Derek Douglas, Special Assistant to the President, White House 
Domestic Policy Council 

• Salin Geevarghese, Senior Advisor, US Department of Housing and 
Urban Development 

• Rocco Landesman, Chairman, NEA 

■ Roy Kienitz, Under Secretary for Policy, US Department 
of Transportation 

12:30 -2:30 p.m. 

LUNCH, Grand Ballroom 


Tom Cochran, CEO and Executive Director, USCM, Moderator 


• Elizabeth Kautz, Mayor, City of Burnsville, MN, President, USCM 

• Antonio R. Villaraigosa, Mayor, City of Los Angeles, 
Vice President, USCM 

■ Michael A. Nutter, Mayor, City of Philadelphia, 
Second Vice President, USCM 


Mayor Richard M. Daley: Innovative Design Leadership, 
Transformative Results 


• Elizabeth Kautz, Mayor, City of Burnsville, MN, President, USCM 

• Joseph P. Riley Jr., Mayor, City of Charleston, SC, Past President, USCM 

• Ronald Bogle, President and CEO, AAF 


Richard M. Daley, Mayor, City of Chicago, Past President, USCM 


Rocco Landesman, Chairman, NEA 




Gerald Adelmann is president and CEO of Openlands, 
one of the first metropolitan conservation organizations in 
the nation. Founded in 1963, Openlands works to protect 
and enhance open space in northeastern Illinois and the 
surrounding region. Adelmann chairs Mayor Daley's Nature 
and Wildlife Committee and serves on numerous boards 
and commissions. He has also worked on sustainable 
development in Yunnan, China, since the early 1990s. 


Richard Baron is co-founder, chairman, and chief 
executive officer of McCormack Baron Salazar (MBS), 
which redevelops neighborhoods in inner-city areas across 
the country. In the past 30 years, MBS has developed 143 
projects with costs of $2.3 billion. It has developed more 
than 15,000 housing units and one million square feet of 
retail/commercial space. MBS has closed 55 phases of 
HOPE VI developments in 15 cities involving 7,185 units 
and $1.2 billion in total development costs. 


Lee Bey is executive director of the Chicago Central Area 
Committee, an influential civic group composed of business 
and cultural leaders devoted to improving the architecture, 
transportation, cultural life, and urban design of downtown 
Chicago. Bey is also a writer, adviser, professor, and critic 
specializing in architecture, urbanism, and the role politics 
plays in the creation of the built environment. 


Ronald Bogle became the seventh president and CEO of 
the American Architectural Foundation (AAF) in July 2002. 
During his tenure, he has developed and launched four 
national design initiatives, including AAF's Great Schools 
by Design and Sustainable Cities Design Academy, and he 
leads AAF in its role as a partner for the Mayors' Institute 
on City Design. Bogle is also a co-founder and director 
of the Architecture + Design Education Network and the 
Association of Architecture Organizations, as well as 
director of UNESCO's US National Commission. 


David Burney was appointed commissioner of the New York 
City Department of Design and Construction (DDC) in 2004 by 
Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg. DDC manages capital projects 
for a variety of City agencies and cultural institutions that receive 
City capital funds. With Mayor Bloomberg's support, Burney 
launched a citywide "Design and Construction Excellence 
Initiative" with the goal of raising the quality of design and 
construction of public works throughout New York City. 


Tom Cochran is CEO and executive director of the United 
States Conference of Mayors, where he has served the 
organization since 1969. Before becoming the Conference's 
executive director in 1987, Cochran was deputy executive 
director for 17 years. Prior to that, he served in the Office 
of Economic Opportunity, Executive Office of the President, 
under the directorship of Sergeant Shriver. He was director 
of Congressional relations for the Job Corps and in that 
capacity received several awards for outstanding service. 
He earned his undergraduate and law degrees from the 
University of Georgia. 


Carol Coletta is leading ArtPlace, 
to accelerate creative placemaking 
is a collaboration of the nation's 
National Endowment for the Arts. 
Coletta was president and CEO of 
years, she hosted and produced 
public radio show, Smart City, and 
served as executive director of the 

a new national initiative 
across the U.S. ArtPlace 
top foundations and the 
Prior to joining ArtPlace, 
CEOs for Cities. For ten 
a nationally syndicated 
from 2003 to 2005, she 
Mayors' Institute on City 


Teddy Cruz has been recognized internationally for his 
urban research on the Tijuana-San Diego border. A 
Harvard University graduate, his work represented the US 
at the 2008 Venice Architecture Biennial and was included 
in the "Small Scale, Big Change" exhibition at MoMA. He is 
a professor in public culture in the Visual Arts Department 
at the University of California, San Diego. 


A former state senator and county prosecutor, Chicago 
Mayor Richard M. Daley was elected mayor in 1989. 
He has earned a national reputation for his innovative, 
community-based programs to address education, public 
safety, neighborhood development, and other challenges 
facing American cities. He has invested more than $3 
billion toward more than 100,000 affordable housing 
units and has established aggressive plans to rebuild 
public housing, extend housing affordability, and end 
homelessness in Chicago. 








Manny Diaz was first elected mayor of Miami in 2001 
and was chosen to lead the United States Conference 
of Mayors as its president in 2008. During his two-term 
tenure as mayor, Diaz was recognized for transforming 
Miami through Miami21 and for innovation in the areas 
of urban design, sustainability and green initiatives, 
education, infrastructure investment, affordable housing, 
law enforcement, poverty and homelessness, and arts and 
culture. He counts AAF's Keystone Award among his many 
accolades and sits on, among others, the Boards of the 
Bloomberg Family Foundation and UPenn's Institute for 
Urban Research. 


On January 26, 2009, Shaun Donovan was sworn in as 
the 15th United States Secretary for Housing and Urban 
Development. He has devoted his career to ensuring 
access to safe, decent, and affordable housing, and he 
will continue that effort in the Obama Administration. 
Secretary Donovan believes that America's homes are the 
foundation for family, safe neighborhoods, good schools, 
and solid businesses. He has a strong commitment to 
making quality housing possible for every American. 


Derek Douglas serves on the White House Domestic Policy 
Council (DPC) as special assistant to President Barack 
Obama, where he leads the DPC's work on urban and 
metropolitan policy issues. Prior to working in the White 
House, Douglas served as Washington counsel to New 
York Governor David A. Paterson and director of Governor 
Paterson's Washington, DC, Office. Prior to his appointment 
in 2007, Douglas served as associate director of economic 
policy at the Center for American Progress. 


Barbara Gaines is the founder and artistic director of the 
Chicago Shakespeare Theater, where she has directed 
more than 30 of Shakespeare's plays. In 2005, Gaines 
was awarded the prestigious Honorary OBE (Officer of the 
Most Excellent Order of the British Empire) in recognition 
of her contributions to strengthening British-American 
cultural relations. She is a member of the Cultural Affairs 
Advisory Board for the City of Chicago and has served on 
panels for the National Endowment for the Arts. 


Salin Geevarghese serves as senior advisor at HUD in the 
Office of Sustainable Housing and Communities. Prior to 
HUD, Geevarghese served as senior associate at The Annie 
E. Casey Foundation, with responsibilities in the Civic Sites 
and Initiatives unit and the Center for Family Economic 
Success for the anchor institution portfolio, the influence 
and knowledge development portfolios for Neighborhood 
Development, the National Green and Healthy Homes 
Initiative, and emerging portfolios on green/sustainability 
issues and making markets work. 




Toni Griffin has built a 20-year career in both the public and 
private sectors, combining the practice of architecture and 
urban design with the execution of innovative, large-scale, 
mixed-use urban redevelopment projects and citywide 
and neighborhood planning strategies. In 2010, Griffin 
launched her own consulting practice, Urban Planning and 
Design for the American City, whose first project is to work 
with the Kresge Foundation and the Mayor of Detroit to 
develop a comprehensive citywide strategic plan. Griffin 
is also an adjunct associate professor at the Harvard 
Graduate School of Design. 


Mary Margaret Jones is president of Hargreaves 
Associates, a landscape architecture and planning firm 
known for explorative design and work on challenging sites. 
Jones has served as senior principal in charge for such 
award-winning projects as the 2000 Sydney Olympics 
Master Concept Design, University of Cincinnati Master 
Plan, San Francisco's Crissy Field, Houston's Discovery 
Green, and is currently overseeing the planning and design 
for the Parklands at the London 2012 Olympics. 


Elizabeth Kautz was appointed to the City Council in 1992 
and began serving as mayor of Burnsville, MN, in 1995 
where she is presently serving her sixth term. In addition, 
Mayor Kautz is serving as president of the United States 
Conference of Mayors and represents Burnsville on 
numerous local, regional, state, and national boards. As 
mayor, she has focused on many issues such as restoring 
safe neighborhoods, maintaining a quality level of community 
development, and preserving the natural environment. 


Roy Kienitz serves as the Under Secretary for Policy at the US 
Department of Transportation. Sworn into office in May 2009, 
Kienitz assists the Secretary in formulating national policies affecting 
surface transportation and aviation. He shares Secretary LaHcod's 
goals of making safety, livability, sustainability, and economic 
recovery the primary objectives of DOT. Kienitz joined DOT with 
diverse transportation policy experience; he has worked for non- 
profits and has held both state and federal government positions. 


Gabe Klein views his work as a canvas to create a 
contribution. He has worked in leadership roles in 
transportation, technology, consumer services, and 
consulting. Most recently, he was director of the District 
Department of Transportation in Washington, DC, 
appointed by Mayor Adrian M. Fenty in December 2008 
and serving until the end of Mayor Fenty's term on 
December 31, 2010. 


Rocco Landesman was confirmed by the United States 
Senate in 2009 as the tenth chairman of the National 
Endowment for the Arts (NEA). Landesman's career has 
been a hybrid of commercial and artistic enterprises, 
and prior to joining the NEA, he was a Broadway theater 
producer. In 2005, he purchased Jujamcyn, a company 
that owns and operates five Broadway theaters, which he 
operated until President Obama announced his intention to 
nominate Landesman to the NEA chairmanship. 







Chris Leinberger is a land-use strategist, teacher, 
developer, researcher, and author who balances business 
realities with social and environmental issues. Leinberger 
is currently a visiting fellow at the Brookings Institution 
in Washington, DC. His most recent book, The Option 
of Urbanism: Investing in a New American Dream, was 
published in 2008. 


Thorn Mayne, Design Director and thought leader of 
Morphosis Architects, founded the firm in 1972. Mayne 
provides overall vision, project leadership, and direction to 
the firm. With Morphosis, Mayne has been the recipient 
of the 2005 Pritzker Architecture Prize, 26 Progressive 
Architecture Awards, and more than 100 American 
Institute of Architects Awards. Under Mayne's direction, 
the firm has been the subject of various group and solo 
exhibitions throughout the world, including a large solo 
exhibition at the Centre Pompidou in Paris in 2006. In 
addition to his role at Morphosis, Mayne is a Distinguished 
Professor at UCLA. 


Michael A. Nutter was sworn in as the 98th mayor of 
Philadelphia on January 7, 2008. Mayor Nutter is a native 
Philadelphian with an accomplished career in public 
service, business, and financial administration. He served 
as a Philadelphia city councilman for nearly 15 years, 
representing the city's Fourth District, which encompasses 
the communities of Wynnefield, Overbrook, Roxborough, 
Manayunk, East Falls, Mt. Airy, and parts of North and 
West Philadelphia. 


Peter Park was appointed Denver's manager of community 
planning and development on January 14, 2004, after 
leaving his post as the city planning director for Milwaukee. 
The Community Planning and Development Department is 
composed of more than 200 employees who provide Denver's 
planning, zoning, permit, and inspection services. Park has 
specialized in urban design and planning work requiring 
innovative design solutions that balance development needs 
with unique site and design quality concerns. 


Mayor Joseph P. Riley Jr. is considered one of the most 
visionary and highly effective governmental leaders 
in America. First elected Mayor of Charleston, SC, in 
December 1975, Mayor Riley is currently serving an 
unprecedented ninth term. A recipient of the National 
Medal of Arts, Mayor Riley has set the national standard 
for urban revitalization. Under his leadership, Charleston 
has experienced a remarkable revitalization of its historic 
downtown business district and unprecedented growth in 
Charleston's size and population. 


Jason Schupbach is the director of design for the National 
Endowment for the Arts. He oversees all design grantmaking 
and partnerships. Prior to this, Schupbach served as the 
creative economy and information technology industry 
director at the Massachusetts Department of Business 
Development, where he focused on the nexus of creativity, 
innovation, and technology to grow the innovation industry 
clusters in the state. 





Mitchell Silver is president-elect of the American Planning 
Association (APA) and an award-winning planner with more 
than 25 years of experience, specializing in comprehensive 
planning, land use planning, and implementation strategies. 
Before going to Raleigh in 2005 to serve as planning director, 
Silver had worked as policy and planning director in New York 
City, a principal of a New York City-based planning firm, a 
town manager in New Jersey, and deputy planning director 
in Washington, DC. 


John Syvertsen is senior principal at Cannon Design, an AAF 
regent, and a member of the AIA College of Fellows. He is 
also a member of the Chicago Design Initiative and a board 
member for the IIT School of Architecture, Archeworks, 
Family Focus of Illinois, and the Chicago Architecture 
Foundation, where he is a past chair. Previously, Syvertsen 
has served as president of the Graham Foundation and chair 
of the Urban Design Task Force for the Chicago Central Area 
Action Plan. 


Marilyn Taylor became dean of the School of Design at the 
University of Pennsylvania in October 2008 after practicing 
as an architect and urban designer at Skidmore Owings & 
Merrill. There, she led the firm's practices in airports and 
transportation and also in urban design. She is internationally 
known for her distinguished and passionate involvement in 
the design of large-scale urban projects and civic initiatives. 


John Tolva, the IBM Corporation's director of citizenship 
and technology, is responsible for developing new socially- 
responsive projects in partnership with non-profit institutions 
and governmental entities around the world. Most recently, 
he launched "Rivers for Tomorrow" in partnership with The 
Nature Conservancy, a global watershed simulator that 
supports land use on decision-making, and "City Forward," 
a free online tool for interacting with and analyzing public 
city data. 


Jeffrey Tumlin is a principal and sustainability practice 
leader for Nelson\Nygaard, a San Francisco-based 
transportation planning and engineering firm. Nelson\ 
Nygaard understands that transportation is not an end in 
itself, but rather an investment to help communities meet 
their economic development, quality of life, ecological 
sustainability, and social equity goals. 


Antonio R. Villaraigosa, the 41st mayor of Los Angeles, 
was first elected in 2005. Now in his second term, Mayor 
Villaraigosa's foremost goal is to lead his city out of the 
recession and create jobs. He is also working to shut 
down failing schools and reconstitute them as innovation 
campuses, public charters, or members of the Partnership 
Schools; to set the city's Department of Water and Power 
on a path to becoming coal free by 2020; to oversee the 
largest mass transit construction program in America; and 
to fight to keep Los Angeles as one of the safest big cities 
in the nation. 




Barbara C. Barile, Mayor of Morristown, TN 

Tom Bates, Mayor of Berkeley, CA 

Ralph Becker, Mayor of Salt Lake City, UT 

Shane Bemis, Mayor of Gresham, OR 

Michael D. Bissonnette, Mayor of Chicopee, MA 

J. Christian Bollwage, Mayor of Elizabeth, NJ 

Ardell Brede, Mayor of Rochester, MN 

Roy Buol, Mayor of Dubuque, IA 

Deke Copenhaver, Mayor of Augusta, GA 

Richard M. Daley, Mayor of Chicago, IL 

Jim Dear, Mayor of Carson, CA 

Manny Diaz, Former Mayor of Miami, FL 

John Dicker! Mayor of Racine, Wl 

Denny Doyle, Mayor of Beaverton, OR 

Paul Dyster, Mayor of Niagara Falls, NY 

Greg Fischer, Mayor of Louisville, KY 

Cedric Glover, Mayor of Shreveport, LA 

Bill Gluba, Mayor of Davenport, IA 

J. Richard Gray, Mayor of Lancaster, PA 

Wayne J. Hall, Mayor of Hempstead, NY 

Andrew Hardwick, Mayor of Freeport, NY 

Randall Henderson, Mayor of Fort Myers, FL 

Jack Hoffman, Mayor of Lake Oswego, OR 

Jennifer Hosterman, Mayor of Pleasanton, CA 

Elizabeth B. Kautz, Mayor of Burnsville, MN 

Al Larson, Mayor of the Village of Schaumburg, IL 

Timothy D. Leavitt, Mayor of Vancouver, WA 

Pete Lewis, Mayor of Auburn, WA 

Mary Ann Lutz, Mayor of Monrovia, CA 

Daniel McLaughlin, Mayor of Orland Park, IL 

Bill McLeod, Mayor of Hoffman Estates, IL 

Arlene J. Mulder, Mayor of Arlington Heights, IL 

Rita Mullins, Former Mayor of Palatine, IL 

John Noak, Mayor of Romeoville, IL 

John Norquist, Former Mayor of Milwaukee, Wl 

Michael A. Nutter, Mayor of Philadelphia, PA 

Beverly O'Neill, Former Mayor of Long Beach, CA 

Ed Pawlowski, Mayor of Allentown, PA 

David Pope, Mayor of Oak Park, IL 

John Powers, Former Mayor of Spokane, WA 

William Rahn, Mayor of Westmont, IL 

Joseph Reardon, Mayor of Wyandotte County, KS 

Carl Redus, Mayor of Pine Bluff, AR 

Robert Reichert, Mayor of Macon, GA 

Martin Resendiz, Mayor of Sunland Park, NM 

Joseph P. Riley Jr., Mayor of Charleston, SC 

R.T. Rybak, Mayor of Minneapolis, MN 

Robert G. Sabonjian, Mayor of Waukegan, IL 

Scott Smith, Mayor of Mesa, AZ 

Robert E. Smith, Sr., Mayor of Columbus, MS 

John A. Spring, Mayor of Quincy, IL 

Elizabeth Tisdahl, Mayor of Evanston, IL 

Antonio R. Villaraigosa, Mayor of Los Angeles, CA 

Jerry Willey, Mayor of Hillsboro, OR 



K, a a To m r*s l SUMMITd 


Gerald Adelmann, President and CEO, Openlands, Chicago, IL 

David Agnew, Deputy Director, Office of Intergovernmental Affairs 

The White House, Washington, DC 

Samuel Assefa, Senior Urban Designer, City of Boulder, CO 

George Aye, Professor, School of the Art Institute of Chicago, 

Chicago, IL 

Richard Baron, CEO, McCormack Baron Salazar, St. Louis, MO 

Story Bellows, Director, Mayors' Institute on City Design, 

Washington, DC 

Alicia Berg, Vice President, Columbia College, Chicago, IL 

Michael Berkshire, Green Projects Administrator, City of 

Chicago, IL 

Scott Bernstein, President, Center for Neighborhood Technology, 

Chicago, IL 

Jamie Bennett, Chief of Staff, National Endowment for the Arts 

Lee Bey, Executive Director, Chicago Central Area Committee, 

Chicago, IL 

Elizabeth Blazevich, Program Director, American Architectural 

Foundation, Washington, DC 

Ron Bogle, President and CEO, American Architectural Foundation 

Washington, DC 

Frederick Bonci, Founding Partner, LaQuatra Bonci Associates, 

Pittsburgh, PA 

Sarah Bookwalter, Events Director, American Architectural 

Foundation, Washington DC 

Dana Bourland, Vice President of Green Initiatives, Enterprise 

Community Partners, Columbia, MD 

Brandy Brooks, Director, Rudy Bruner Award for Urban Excellence, 

Cambridge, MA 

Brent Brown, Director, Dallas City Design Studio, Dallas, TX 

Andre Brumfield, Director of Urban Design, AECOM, Chicago, IL 

David Burney, Commissioner of the Department of Design and 

Construction, New York, NY 

David Burns, Director of Internet Strategy, US Conference 

of Mayors 

Monica Chadha, Project Manager, Studio Gang Architects, 

Chicago, IL 

Katlin Chadwick, Communications Associate, American 

Architectural Foundation, Washington, DC 

Andrea Clark, Development Coordinator, American Architectural 

Foundation, Washington, DC 

Carol Coletta, President, CEOs for Cities, Chicago, IL 

Tom Cochran, CEO & Executive Director, US Conference of 

Mayors, Washington, DC 

Maurice Cox, Past NEA Design Director and Associate Professor, 

University of Virginia School of Architecture, Charlottesville, VA 

Teddy Cruz, Principal, Estudio Cruz, San Diego, CA 

Mark Dawson, Partner, Sasaki Associates, Inc., Watertown, MA 

Anita Decker, Chief of Staff and White House Liaison, National 

Endowment for the Arts, Washington, DC 

Mark de Groh, Director of Strategic Initiatives, American 

Architectural Foundation, Washington, DC 

Mary Dempsey, Commissioner of the Chicago Public Library, 

Chicago, IL 

Sandy Diehl, Chairman, American Architectural Foundation, 

Farmington, CT 

David Dixon, Principal, Goody Clancy, Boston, MA 

Derek Douglas, Special Assistant to the President for Urban Policy, 

The White House, Washington, DC 

Susannah Drake, Principal Dland Studio LLC, Brooklyn, NY 

Greg Dreicer, Chicago Architecture Foundation, Chicago, IL 

Ellen Dunham-Jones, Professor, Georgia Institute of Technology, 

Atlanta, GA 

Carol Edwards, Director of Meetings and Conferences, US 

Conference of Mayors, Washington, DC 

Julie Eizenberg, Principal, Koning Eizenberg Architecture, Santa 

Monica, CA 

Zurich Esposito, Executive Director, AIA Chicago, IL 

Paul Farmer, CEO, American Planning Association, 

Washington, DC 

Reese Fayde, President, RFA Investments, New York, NY 

Edward Feiner, Principal, Perkins & Will, AAF Regent, 

Washington, DC 

Roberta M. Feldman, Professor, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL 

Tian Feng, District Architect, BART, San Francisco, CA 

Antonio Fiol-Silva, Principal, Wallace Roberts & Todd, 

Philadelphia, PA 

Daniel Friedman, Dean and Professor, College of Built 

Environments, University of Washington, AAF Regent, Seattle, WA 

Barbara Gaines, Artistic Director, Chicago Shakespeare Theater, 

Chicago, IL 

Salin Geevarghese, Senior Advisor, Office of Sustainable Housing 

and Communities, HUD, Washington, DC 

Frank Giblin, GSA Urban Development Program, Washington, DC 

Cinda Gilliland, Principal, SWA Group, Sausalito, CA 

Eames Gilmore, Senior Group Manager of Architecture, Target, 

Chicago, IL 

Geoffrey Goldberg, Principal, G. Goldberg + Associates, 

Chicago, IL 

Alan Greenberger, Planning Director, Philadelphia, PA 

Toni Griffin, Adjunct Associate Professor, Harvard Graduate School 

of Design, President, Urban Design and Planning for the American 

City, Newark, NJ 

Sharon Haar, Associate Professor, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL 

Jamie Hand, Design Specialist, National Endowment for the Arts, 

Washington, DC 

Jeffrey Hall, Principal, Gensler, San Francisco, CA 

Luann Hamilton, Deputy Commissioner, Chicago Department of 

Transportation, Chicago, IL 

William Harris, Vice President of Finance and Administration, 

American Architectural Foundation, Washington, DC 

Meghan Harte, Vice President, AECOM, Chicago, IL 

Lori Healey, Principal, The John Buck Company, Chicago, IL 

Charnelle Hicks, President, CHPIanning, Ltd., Philadelphia, PA 

Karen Hinton, President, Hinton Communications, Washington, DC 

Jennifer Hughes, Design Specialist, National Endowment 

for the Arts, Washington, DC 

Roy Kienitz, Undersecretary for Policy, US Department of 

Transportation, Washington, DC 

Elizabeth Jackson, President, The Urban Agenda, Inc., 

Ann Arbor, Ml 

Ralph Johnson, Design Director, Perkins + Will, Chicago, IL 



mayors SUMMIT 

Scott Jordan-Denny, Group Manager of Architecture, Target, 

Minneapolis, MN 

Mary Margaret Jones, Principal, Hargreaves Associates, 

San Francisco, CA 

Aaron Koch, Policy Advisor, Mayor's Office, New York, NY 

Fred Kent, President, Project for Public Spaces, New York, NY 

Thomas Kerwin, Managing Principal, Brininstool, Kerwin & Lynch 

LLC, Chicago, IL 

Gabe Klein, Consultant, Chicago, IL 

Peter Landon, Principal, Landon Bone Baker Architects, 

Chicago, IL 

Rocco Landesman, Chairman, National Endowment for the Arts, 

Washington, DC 

Theodore Landsmark, President, Boston Architectural College, 

Boston, MA 

Scott Lauer, Vice President of Program, American Architectural 

Foundation, Washington, DC 

Erin Lavin Cabonargi, Executive Director, Public Building 

Commission, Chicago, IL 

Brian Leary, President, Atlanta BeltLine, Inc., Atlanta, GA 

Mia Lehrer, President, Mia Lehrer + Associates, Los Angeles, CA 

Christopher Leinberger, Senior Fellow, Brookings Institution, 

Washington, DC 

James Lima, Partner, HR & A Advisors, Inc., New York, NY 

Charles Linn, Writer, Editor, Architect, New York, NY 

Dirk Lohan, Principal, Lohan Anderson, Chicago, IL 

Anne-Marie Lubenau, President, Community Design Center, 

Pittsburgh, PA 

Daniel Lurie, Senior Advisor, US Department of Housing and Urban 

Development, Washington, DC 

Donlyn Lyndon, Professor, UC Berkeley, CA 

Janice Marks, Development Director, American Architectural 

Foundation, Washington, DC 

Vanessa Matiski, Director of Architecture, Target, Chicago, IL 

Thorn Mayne, Principal, Morphosis, Culver City, CA 

Tom McClimon, Managing Director, US Conference of Mayors, 

Washington, DC 

Dennis McGlade, Partner, OLIN, Philadelphia, PA 

Michael McLaughlin, Vice President of Strategic Planning and 

Policy, Chicago Transit Authority, Chicago, IL 

Kathryn Merlino, Assistant Professor, University of Washington, 

Seattle, WA 

Lisa Miles, Principal Planner, Portland Metro, Portland, OR 

Radhika Mohan, Program Manager, Mayors' Institute on City 

Design, Washington, DC 

Bruce Montgomery, Chief Technology Officer, Urban Innovation 

Center, Chicago, IL 

John Norquist, President, Congress for New Urbanism, 

Chicago, IL 

Alex Orozco, President, AO Consulting, Chicago, IL 

Lynn Osmond, Chicago Architecture Foundation, Chicago, IL 

Peter Park, Manager of Community Planning and Development, 

City of Denver, CO 

Terry Peterson, Chairman, Chicago Transit Authority, Chicago, IL 

Dan Pitera, Director, Detroit Collaborative Design Center, Detroit, Ml 

Shelley Poticha, Office of Sustainable Housing and Communities, 

Washington, DC 

Jeffery Potter, Jeff Potter Architecture, Vice President, American 

Institute of Architects, AAF Regent, Longview, TX 

George Ranney, President & CEO, Metropolis Strategies, 

Chicago, IL 

Michele Reeves, Principal, Civilis Consultants, Portland, OR 

Wellington Reiter, Professor, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ 

Damon Rich, Urban Designer, City of Newark, NJ 

Richard Rodriguez, President, Chicago Transit Authority, 

Chicago, IL 

Christine Saum, Chief Urban Designer, National Capital Planning 

Commission, Washington, DC 

Susanne Schnell, Executive Director, Archeworks, Chicago, IL 

Jason Schupbach, Design Director, National Endowment for the 

Arts, Washington, DC 

Stefanie Seskin, State and Local Policy Manager, National 

Complete Streets Coalition, Washington, DC 

Mark P. Sexton, Principal, Krueck & Sexton Architects, Chicago, IL 

Mark Shapiro, Principal, Mithun, Seattle, WA 

Mitchell Silver, Chief Planning Officer, City of Raleigh, NC 

Julie Snow, Principal, Julie Snow Architects, Minneapolis, MN 

Nancy Somerville, CEO, American Society of Landscape 

Architects, Washington, DC 

John Southgate, Economic Development Director, Hillsboro, OR 

Christopher Stienon, Principal, Urban Matrix, Brooklyn, NY 

Graham Stroh, Program Manager, American Architectural 

Foundation, Washington, DC 

Katie Swenson, Vice President, Enterprise Community Partners, 

Boston, MA 

John Syvertsen, Senior Principal, Cannon Design, AAF Regent, 

Chicago, IL 

Jody Tableporter, Director, Governors' Institute on Community 

Design, Washington, DC 

Marilyn Jordan Taylor, Dean, PennDesign, Philadelphia, PA 

Elena Temple, Director of Public Affairs, US Conference of Mayors, 

Washington, DC 

Ruth Todd, Principal, Page & Tumbull, San Francisco, CA 

John Tolva, Director of Citizenship and Technology, IBM 

Corporation, Chicago, IL 

Harriet Tregoning, Director of the Office of Planning, 

Washington, DC 

Jeff Tumlin, Principal, Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates, San 

Francisco, CA 

Tim Tuten, US Department of Education, Washington, DC 

Nina Ozlu Tunceli, Chief Council, Americans for the Arts, 

Washington, DC 

Ed Uhlir, Executive Director, Millennium Park, Inc., Chicago, IL 

William Vitek, Regional Director, AECOM, Denver, CO 

David Waggonner, Waggonner & Ball Architects, New Orleans, LA 

Bobby Ware, Commissioner, Chicago Department of 

Transportation, Chicago, IL 

Ramona Westbrook, President, Brook Architecture, Chicago, IL 

Ernest Wong, Principal, Site Design Group, Ltd., Chicago, IL 

Mina Wright, Director of Planning and Design Quality, US General 

Services Administration, Washington, DC 

Thomas K. Wright, Executive Director, Regional Plan Association, 

New York, NY 

Jess Zimbabwe, Executive Director, ULI Daniel Rose Center, 

Washington, DC 




Story Bellows, Mayors' Institute on City Design 
Jamie Bennett, National Endowment for the Arts 
Ron Bogle, American Architectural Foundation 
Sarah Bookwalter, American Architectural Foundation 
David Burns, US Conference of Mayors 
Tom Cochran, US Conference of Mayors 
Anita Decker, National Endowment for the Arts 
Carol Edwards, US Conference of Mayors 
Jamie Hand, National Endowment for the Arts 
Karen Hinton, Hinton Communications 
Jen Hughes, National Endowment for the Arts 
Tom McClimon, US Conference of Mayors 
Radhika Mohan, Mayors' Institute on City Design 
Jason Schupbach, National Endowment for the Arts 
Elena Temple, US Conference of Mayors 


Mayor Elizabeth Kautz, Mayor of Burnsville 
President, US Conference of Mayors 
Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa, Mayor of Los Angeles 
Vice President, US Conference of Mayors 
Mayor Michael Nutter, Mayor of Philadelphia 
Second Vice President, US Conference of Mayors 
Mayor Joseph. P. Riley, Jr., Mayor of Charleston 
Past President, US Conference of Mayors 
Mayor Richard M. Daley, Former Mayor of Chicago 
Past President, US Conference of Mayors 
Mayor Manuel Diaz, Former Mayor of Miami 
Past President, US Conference of Mayors 


Toni Griffin, Harvard Graduate School of Design, Urban Planning 

and Design for the American City 

Chris Leinberger, Brookings Institution 

Marilyn Jordan Taylor, University of Pennsylvania School of Design 


Scott Bernstein, Center for Neighborhood Technology 

Brandy Brooks, The Food Project 

Brent Brown, Dallas City Design Studio 

Mark Dawson, Sasaki Associates, Inc. 

David Dixon, Goody Clancy 

Susannah Drake, dLand Studio 

Ellen Dunham-Jones, Georgia Institute of Technology 

Tian Feng, San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit 

Daniel Friedman, University of Washington, Regent, AAF 

Betsy Jackson, The Urban Agenda 

Aaron Koch, New York City Mayor's Office 

Ted Landsmark, Boston Architectural College, Regent, AAF 

Brian Leary, Atlanta Beltline, Inc. 

Donlyn Lyndon, UC Berkeley 

Dan Pitera, Detroit Collaborative Design Center 

Damon Rich, City of Newark 

Francisca Rojas, Harvard Kennedy School of Government 

Christine Saum, National Capital Planning Commission 

Katie Swenson, Enterprise Community Partners 

John Syvertsen, Cannon Design, Regent, AAF 

Jody Tableporter, Governors' Institute on Community Design 

David Waggoner, Waggonner & Ball Architects 

Jess Zimbabwe, Urban Land Institute 


Bridgeport Planning Department, Photo, Page 24 

Charles Linn, Writing 

Charleston Civic Design Center, Photos, Page 8 

David Hathcox, Photos, Pages 5-9, 11-12, 19-23, 25-27 

Elvert Barnes, Photo, Page 14 

Jeremy A. Shaw, Photo, Page 15 

Mark Hanauer, Thorn Mayne Photo, Page 32 

MICD, Photos, Pages 16-17 

Office of the Mayor, City of Charleston, Photos, Pages 8, 18 

The City Project, Photo, Page 7 

The Culture Now Project © and UCLA, text and images, Page 10 





The Mayors' Institute on City Design® is a National Endowment 
for the Arts leadership initiative in partnership with the American 
Architectural Foundation and the United States Conference 
of Mayors. 


j Architectural 
1 Foundation 



We gratefully acknowledge the generous financial support that 
Target has provided for the Mayors' Institute on City Design® and the 
National Mayors Summit on City Design. Since 1946, Target has given 
five percent of its income to support and enrich the communities it 
serves. Today that equals more than $3 million every week to support 
education, the arts, social services, and volunteerism. 




We also appreciate the leadership support of the following 
funding partners. 



Story K. Bellows, Director 
Radhika C. Mohan, Program Manager 

1799 New York Ave NW 

Washington, DC, 20006-4005 

tel (202) 463-1390 I fax (202) 463-1392 I